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Judicial Branch

 

Supreme Court of Ohio  
Justices elected to six-year terms

Term limit: None

Age limit: Must be elected before age 70

The Supreme Court is the highest court in the state. Most of its cases are appeals from the 12 district courts of appeals. The Supreme Court also has appellate jurisdiction in cases involving questions arising under the Ohio or United States Constitutions, cases originating in the courts of appeals, and cases in which there have been conflicting opinions on the same question from two or more courts of appeals. The Supreme Court, which is made up of the chief justice and six justices, hears all cases in which the death penalty has been imposed, unless waived by the prisoner.

 

Ohio Appellate Courts  
Judges elected to six-year terms

Term limit: None

Age limit: Must be elected before age 70

As intermediate level courts, the Ohio Appellate Courts’ function is to hear appeals from the common pleas, municipal and county courts. Each case is heard and decided by a three-judge panel. The state is divided into 12 appellate districts. Each district is served by a court of appeals that sits in each of the counties in that district. The number of judges in each district depends on a variety of factors, including the court’s caseload and the size of the district.

 

Common Pleas Courts
County Courts of Claims
Municipal Courts
Each county in Ohio also has a common pleas court, which hears criminal and civil cases and also decides probate, juvenile and domestic (divorce) cases. Counties also have county and municipal court systems.



More information: The Supreme Court of Ohio & The Ohio Judicial System: www.sconet.state.oh.us

 

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